Lechner & Lechner
ÖBB SALON WAGON
year: 1987 | typologie: commercial | status: concept
The railway, with its compulsion from the direction of travel to align everything with the rail, also forces an answer in the visual aspect of the design.
The wave is the answer, separating the official area of the conference room, seating area and bar from the individual area of the sleeping cabins. The actual dimensions of the wagon, the length of the train, can be felt and experienced.
The length of the train and the undulating bays, the narrowing of the room and the sequence of rooms create a heightened sensual spatial and travel experience. The physical occupation of the circular bodies at the ends of the wagon for the bar and the seating area is particularly important in terms of space. The inward-facing circular spaces create a "real" atmosphere of experience in the tension between them and the wave.
In the special areas for conferences, seating and bar, the stripe arrangement of the wall design and the insertion of walnut particularly emphasize these room zones, "salon atmosphere" in combination with black glossy plastic parts, red fabric covers in optical cloth quality, metal parts, handles and fittings in Chrome finish and white walls in visible material.
Due to the possibility of series production, high soundproofing, high soundproofing, fire behavior, stability and low weight, as well as in details, cleaning and maintenance reasons, the interior components are made of fiber-reinforced thermoset with appropriate additives for the requirement profile. The element sizes are designed for the manufacturing capabilities of the manufacturers of both saloon cars. The various functions in the wall cladding, seating areas, kitchens, cabins and in the design-shaping wet rooms with bath and toilet have already been planned for the two individual wagons for the reuse of the molded parts and templates.
The external appearance of the saloon cars is determined by the combination of the windows to form a continuous ribbon of windows made of bulletproof acrylic glass. The band, which, like the entrance doors and the adjoining skylights, is integrated flush into the outer skin of the wagon, is shaped in this way because of the high travel speeds of up to 200 km / h, but also to calm the appearance of the wagon. Elevated tinted entrance doors and skylights emphasize the entrance areas generously and clearly as vertical. This counteracts the restrictive "cabin character" in the entry area of the wagon and makes it customer-friendly.
For us, it is optimal for the end product "saloon car" as an overall design to include the car body in the technical conception of the car body. This can be achieved through maximum use of the cross-section with the definition of a side wall kink within the framework of the international regulations UIC 505-2 at 2,900 mm to 2,917 mm outside, depending on the speed distance and overall length.
Through the use of plastic technology in the car body structure through composite panel tubular elements in modular construction, according to the typology of the interior construction elements, a significant weight reduction, better maintenance through the exchange of outer skin elements in the event of damage and faster assembly during manufacture can be achieved. The electrical industry serves as a model. This enables a so-called "driving safety cell" and corresponding "crumple zones".
The change in air conditioning by blowing in on the ceiling, suction in the floor and wall area, thermal heat development in front of the window surfaces and slightly heated floor heating, while reducing the glass surface temperature of the windows at the same time, brings a significant improvement in comfort.